NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Democratic Politics Chapter 1 Democracy in The Contemporary World

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Civics Chapter 1 PDF

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NCERT Solutions for Class 9 social science (Democratic Politics) Chapter 1 -democracy in the contemporary world is provided here for free. Students can easily access the solutions, including essential chapter questions and detailed explanations provided by our experts. These solutions will help students understand each topic clearly and at the same time prepare well for the exams. The answers are exclusively based on NCERT (CBSE) guidelines. To give you a brief idea of the chapter, it deals with topics like;
  • Factors leading to the spread of democracy.
  • Difficulties in non-democratic countries.
  • Military control.
  • Path to democracy.
  • The struggle for democracy.
About the chapter Democracy in the Contemporary World Two tales of Democracy  Chile is a South American country, and Salvador Allende was the President of Chile.  He adopted various policies to help the poor people. He reformed the educational system and redistributed land to landless farmers. But his policies were opposed by some other political parties, and he was overthrown by the military coup on 11 September 1973 and died in the military attack. The military coup was lead by General Pinchot, and he became the President of the country and ruled for 17 years. A military dictatorship was established in Chile. Political freedom in Chile was restored by people saying ‘NO’ to continuing Pinchot’s power. The polish united worker’s party ruled Poland in 1980, and no other political parties were allowed to function in Poland. The Poland government was supported by the Soviet Union(USSR).

Two Features of Democracy

It is a form of government that allows people to choose their leaders. People have the freedom to express their views and opinions. Only a few democratic states were there in 1900, but after the second world war, more countries adopted democracy. African colonies had become independent in 1975, and most of them were choose democratic governments. Since 1980, more than 80 countries have made advances towards democracy. 

Democracy at Global Level

The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank are associations of the world that attempted to maintain peace and security among the countries by giving them loans and money to governments. Five countries, such as the UK. US, France, China and  Russia have veto power in the security council. The United States Of America tries to prompt Democracy from the world even by force. The powerful countries have attacked non-democratic countries.  Get CBSE class 9 democratic politics NCERT solutions for chapter 1 – democracy in the contemporary world below. These solutions consist of answers to all the essential questions in NCERT book chapter 1.

NCERT Solutions Democratic Politics

Democracy In The Contemporary World

Question 1: Which of the following does not lead to the spread of democracy? (a) Struggle by the people (b) Invasion by foreign countries (c) End of colonialism (d) People’s desire for freedom Answer: (b) Invasion by foreign countries Question 2: Which of the following statement is true about today’s world? (a) Monarchy as a form of government has vanished. (b) The relationship between different countries has become more democratic than ever before. (c) In more and more countries, rulers are being elected by the people. (d) There are no more military dictators in the world. Answer: (c) In more and more countries, rulers are being elected by the people. Question 3: Use one of the following statements to complete the sentence: Democracy in the international organisations requires that… (a) The rich countries should have a more significant say. (b) Countries should have a say according to their military power. (c) Countries should be treated with respect in proportion to their population. (d) All countries in the world should be treated equally. Answer: (d) All countries in the world should be treated equally. Question 4: Based on the information given in this chapter, match the following countries and the path democracy has taken in that country.
Country Path to democracy
(a) Chile 1. Freedom from British colonial rule
(b) Nepal 2. End of military dictatorship
(c) Poland 3. End of one-party rule
(d) Ghana 4. King agreed to give up his powers
Answer: (a) —-> 2, (b)—-> 4, © —-> 3, (d) —-> 1 Question 5: What are the difficulties people face in a non-democratic country? Answer:  
  • People face various difficulties in a non-democratic country, as we have seen in Chile, Myanmar, Ghana, Pakistan, Poland, Nepal etc.
  • In non-democratic countries, people have no security in life. For example, in Chile, thousands of people were killed by military rulers.
  • People are not free to express their opinions. Criticising the government or rulers in a nondemocratic country would lead to severe punishments.
  • There is no freedom for the people either to elect their government or to be elected. Even if they find any government or ruler, not to their benefit or well-being, they cannot change it since there is no election.
  • In non-democratic countries, no opposition parties or opposition leader is tolerated. As we have seen in Poland during the regime of a non-democratic government, the workers are not allowed to form their independent Trade Unions. Only such unions can survive, which rightly or wrongly support the policies of the government.
  • In the absence of a democratic government, there is no socio-economic equality. Societies in such countries remain divided among privileged and non-privileged classes, resulting in corruption in every department of the government. Ordinary people cannot aspire for any post. People are always at the mercy of the autocratic ruler or the dictator.
Question 6: Which freedoms are usually taken away when a democracy is overthrown by the military? Answer: Freedoms denied to the people when the military overthrows a democracy are so many. In 1973, a military rule or a non-democratic government was established in Chile by General Augusto Pinochet. In Poland, there was a non-democratic government led by General Jeruzelski before 1989. We had seen people were denied many of their freedoms when they did not have democracies, for example:
  • The people had no ‘right to freedom of speech, as was the case with the women of Calama in Chile.
  • The people had no ‘right to form associations or trade unions’ as was the case with the workers like a crane operator and an n electrician in Poland.
  • In Poland, thousands of Solidarity members were put in prison. Freedom to organize, protest and express opinions were taken away.
  • In Chile, more than three thousand people were killed by the military. The life of the people was at the mercy of the ruler.
  • The people had no ‘right to have free elections, as was the case in Poland before the dawn of democracy there.
  • It was because of the above reasons i.e. no freedom of expression, no freedom of forming their own Trade Unions, no right to have free elections, socio-economic inequality and lack of security of life that the people liked to have changed in their dictatorial government.
Question 7: Which of the following positions can contribute to democracy at the global level? Give reasons for your answer in each case. (a) My country gives more money to international institutions. Therefore, I want to be treated with more respect and exercise more power. (b) My country may be small or inadequate. But my voice must be heard with equal respect because these decisions will affect my country. (c) Wealthy nations will have a more significant say in international affairs. They cannot let their interests suffer just because developing countries outnumber them. (d) Big countries like India must have a more significant say in international organisations. Answer: (a) If any country gives more money to international institutions and its citizens want more respect and more power; it will not contribute to democracy at the global level. Every country and its citizens enjoy equal status, whether it is a poor or a rich country. Equality is the basic principle of democracy. (b) If any country is small or weak, its citizens are treated equally, and their voice is heard with equal respect, it will promote equality and freedom of expression. If this is done at the global level, then this will contribute to democracy at the worldwide level. Because of these two facts, we can say that the position is nearer to democracy. (c) The third position would also not lead to democracy at the global level because there should be no distinction between the rich nations and the emerging nations. Otherwise, it will not help bring socio-economic equality, which is one of the important aspects of democracy. At the global level, all the countries, whether poor or rich, should be treated differently. (d) The last position would also not contribute to democracy at the global level because the size or the geographical area of a country should not be a condition of superiority. However, in my opinion, in international organisations like the UN, the General Assembly should become like a world parliament with representatives from each country in proportion to the population of the country further study.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Who was Salvador Allende? Answer: Salvador Allende was the President of Chile 2. When did the United States of America adopt a democratic constitution? Answer: In 1787, the USA adopted a democratic constitution. 3. When did democracy restore in Chile after General Pinochet’s rule? Answer: In 1988, Chile restored democracy after Pinchot’s rule.  4. What is Democracy? Answer: It is a form of government that allows people to choose their leaders.  5. Which was the trade union formed in Poland during the communist regime?  Answer: Solidarity was the trade union formed in Poland during the communist regime. 6. What is a referendum? Answer: A referendum is a direct vote in which the entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal.  7. Which was the only country to have granted universal adult franchise till the 19th century? Answer: New Zealand was the only country to have granted a universal adult franchise till the 19th century.

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