NCERT Solutions Class 9 Civics Chapter 2 PDF Free Download
We are providing free NCERT solutions for Class 9 social science (Democratic Politics) Chapter 2 – what is democracy? Why democracy? Here. You can easily access the solutions below. The NCERT class 9 keys that we are offering includes important chapter questions and detailed explanations given by our experts. These solutions will help students understand each topic clearly, remove all their doubts and prepare well for the exams. The answers are exclusively based on NCERT (CBSE) guidelines. To give you a brief idea of the chapter, it deals with topics like;
- Classification of countries either as democratic or undemocratic.
- Arguments in favour of and against democracy.
- Democracy as a value.
- Facts about a country to determine if you would call it a democracy or not.
About the chapter, What is Democracy? Why Democracy?
Democracy and Its Features
Democracy is a form of government in which the people elect the rulers. Abraham Lincoln defines Democracy as of the people, by the people and for the people. In a democracy, the citizen’s rights must be protected through the constitution. People have the right to vote irrespective of caste, class, and religion. They have the freedom to express their views, and they elected their rulers through elections.
Elected Representatives and their Discisions.
In October 1999, Pervez Musharraf came to power by a military coup in Pakistan and overthrown the democratically elected government. He dismissed state and national assemblies, so the final rest with the army officers and General Musharraf himself. It is not called democracy. Pakistan has an elected government. The sovereignty of the people is the pillar of democracy.
People Against Democracy
The various people have criticised democracy as it creates instability by changing its leaders frequently. The decision making should not be left on the ordinary people as they do not know what is good for them. There is no scope for morality in democracy as it is about power play and political competition. Elected representatives do not know the people’s interests.
Alternative to Democracy
Expansions of executive power and limits on democratic freedoms have been looked for to overcome political insatbility. Russia’s transition from unstable democracy in the 1990s to economic growth and political stability is an exceptional example.
Get CBSE class 9 democratic politics NCERT solutions for chapter 2 – what is democracy? Why democracy? These solutions consist of answers to all the essential questions in NCERT book chapter 2. Below.
NCERT Solutions Class 9 Civics Chapter 2
What is Democracy? Why Democracy?
- Here is some information about the four countries. Based on this information, how would you classify each of these countries? Write ‘democratic’, ‘undemocratic’ or ‘not sure’ against each of these.
- Country A: People who do not accept the country’s official religion do not have a right to vote.
- Country B: The same party has been winning elections for the last twenty years.
- Country C: The Ruling party has lost in the last three elections.
- Country D: There is no independent election commission.
- Country A: Undemocratic
- Country B: Not sure
- Country C: Democratic
- Country D: Undemocratic
2. Here is some information about four countries. Based on this information, how would you classify each of these countries? Write ‘democratic’, ‘undemocratic’ or ‘not sure’ against each of these.
- Country P: The parliament cannot pass a law about the army without the consent of the Chief of Army.
- Country Q: The parliament cannot pass a law reducing the powers of the judiciary.
- Country R: The country’s leaders cannot sign any treaty with another country without permission from its neighbouring country.
- Country S: All the major economic decisions about the country are taken by officials of the central bank, which the ministers cannot change.
- Country P: Undemocratic
- Country Q: Democratic
- Country R: Undemocratic
- Country S: Undemocratic
3. Which of these is not a good argument in favour of democracy? Why?
- People feel free and equal in a democracy.
- Democracies resolve conflict in a better way than others.
- Democratic government is more accountable to the people.
- Democracies are more prosperous than others.
Answer: Democracies are more prosperous than others is not a good argument in favour of democracy. There are examples of countries being democratic but not as successful as other countries which are not democratic. Democracy means that the ordinary citizen of the country is involved in the decision making process and electing the leaders. It does not necessarily guarantee prosperity as other factors like – geography, economic capacity, government policies, human resources, mineral resources etc.
- Each of these statements contains a democratic and undemocratic element. Write out the two separately for each statement.
- A minister said that some laws have to be passed by the parliament to conform to the regulations decided by the World Trade Organisation (WTO).
- The Election Commission ordered re-polling in a constituency where large-scale rigging was reported.
- Women’s representation in parliament has barely reached 10 per cent. This led women’s organisations to demand one-third of the seats for women.
- Democratic element – A minister said that some laws have to be passed by the parliament. Undemocratic element – conform to the regulations decided by the World Trade Organisation (WTO).
- Democratic element – The Election Commission ordered re-polling in a constituency. Undemocratic element – large-scale rigging was reported.
- Democratic element – women’s organisations to demand one-third of seats for women. Undemocratic element – Women’s representation in parliament has barely reached 10 per cent.
5.Which of these is not a valid reason for arguing that there is a lesser possibility of famine in a democratic country?
- Opposition parties can draw attention to hunger and starvation.
- A free press can report suffering from famine in different parts of the country.
- The government fears its defeat in the next elections.
- People are free to believe in and practise any religion.
Answer: The statement, ‘People are free to believe in and practice any religion,’ is not a valid reason for arguing that famine is a lesser possibility in a democratic country.
6.There are 40 villages in a district where the government has made no provision for drinking water. These villagers met and considered many methods of forcing the government to respond to their needs. Which of these is not a democratic method?
- The case filing in the courts claiming that water is part of the right to life.
- They are boycotting the next elections to give a message to all parties.
- They are organising public meetings against the government’s policies.
- They are paying money to government officials to get water.
Answer: Paying money to government officials to get water is not a democratic method.
7.Write a response to the following arguments against democracy:
- The army is the most disciplined and corruption-free organisation in the country. Therefore the army should rule the country.
- Rule of the majority means the rule of ignorant people. What we need is the rule of the wise, even if they are in small numbers.
- If we want religious leaders to guide us in spiritual matters, why not invite them to guide us in politics as well. Religious leaders should rule the country.
- The army is a disciplined organisation. However, it is unfair if an army rules, as the citizens did not choose the military, and hence it will be an undemocratic practice.
- The rule of the majority is not the rule of ignorant people. Wisdom is subjective, and the government is run by people who know law and order.
- Religion and politics are two different things. While religion can guide someone towards religious affairs, it cannot advise anyone for politics, which is an important segment of a nation.
8. Are the following statements in keeping with democracy as a value? Why?
- Father to daughter: I don’t want to hear your opinion about your marriage. In our family children marry where the parents tell them to.
- Teacher to student: Don’t disturb my concentration by asking me questions in the classroom.
- Employee to the officer: Our working hours must be reduced according to the law.
- The statement does not keep with democracy as a value, as the daughter is not allowed to express her opinion.
- The statement does not keep with democracy as a value, as students are not allowed to ask questions which is their right.
- The statement keeps with democracy as law, as the employee voices his opinion for his right under the law.
- Consider the following facts about a country and decide if you would call it a democracy. Give reasons to support your decision.
- All the citizens of the country have the right to vote. Elections are held regularly.
- The country took loans from international agencies. One of the conditions for giving loans was that the government would reduce its expenses on education and health.
- People speak more than seven languages, but education is available only in one language, the language spoken by 52 per cent of people of that country.
- Several organisations have given a call for peaceful demonstrations and nationwide strikes to oppose these policies. The government has arrested these leaders.
- The government owns the radio and television in the country. All the newspapers have to get permission from the government to publish any news about the government’s policies and protests.
- From this statement, we can understand that it is a democratic country where citizens can vote and choose their government.
- While taking a loan from international agencies, the country is compromising on the welfare of the people by reducing their expenditure on education and health, which is undemocratic.
- The provision of making education accessible in only one language is undemocratic. It is the fundamental right for people to have an education, and the government has to provide them with the language they know.
- The right to assemble and peacefully demonstrate is a fundamental right of an individual. Hence, arresting the protestors is undemocratic.
- When the government owns the radio and television, it debars people from availing their right to free press. It is undemocratic.
Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)
- According to Abraham Lincoln, What is Democracy?
Answer: Democracy is the government of the people, by the people and for the people.
- What is the common feature of democratic government?
Answer: People can elect their representatives based on a universal franchise.
- What are the two characteristics of Democracy?
Answer: a) People have the freedom to express their views and opinions.
- b) People can choose their rulers.
- What is the Chinese Parliament called?
Answer: The Chinese Parliament is called as National People’s Congress.
- When did Pervez Musharraf come to power in Pakistan?
Answer: Pervez Musharraf came to power in Pakistan in 1999 by a military coup.
- When did Mexico become independent?
Answer: In 1930, Mexico became independent.
- What is ‘Legal Framework Order’?
Answer: ‘Legal Framework Order’ was an order issued by General Musharraf empowering him to dismiss the national or provincial assemblies.
- Which form of government is considered non-democratic?
Answer: Monarchy or Military Rule is considered non-democratic.