NCERT Class 9 Solutions Civics Chapter 5 PDF
Free NCERT Solutions for Class 9 social science (Democratic Politics) Chapter 5 – working of institutions is available here. The solutions we provide here have especially been designed to help students prepare well for their class exams. In essence, the keys contain important chapter 5 questions, and our experts also give detailed explanations to bring more clarity to the topics. Students will understand the concepts easily with our solutions, clear all their doubts, and enjoy the lesson. The answers are further based on NCERT (CBSE) guidelines. To give you a brief idea of the chapter, it deals with topics like;
- Duties of the President of India.
- Political Executives.
- Government institutions or ministries.
- Election of government executives.
- Powers of the executives.
About the chapter Democratic Politics Working Of Institution
The cabinet and The prime minister are institutions that will take policy decisions, and the civil servants are responsible for implement the minister’s decisions. The disputes will be settled in the supreme court. The National assembly of elected representatives is called Parliament. Parliament consists of two houses; are Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha. The total number of elected members of the Lok Sabha is 543, and 2 Anglo Indians. The total number of members of the Rajya Sabha is 238, and 12 nominated members. The political executive is one elected by the people for a specific period. The permanent executive is one appointed on a long term basis.
The most important political institution in the country is the Prime Minister, who coordinates the different department’s work and chairs the cabinet meetings. He has the power to dismiss ministers, and his decision is final when disagreements arise between departments. The Council ministers have 60 to 80 ministers of different ranks. Cabinet ministers are top-level leaders and assistants to deputy ministers or state ministers.
The members of Parliament and the members of Legislative Assembly elect the President. All the governmental activities take place in the name of the President and he will supervise the overall functioning of political institutions. He is the supreme commander of the defence forces and all international treaties and agreements are made in the name of the President. All the court at different levels put together is called judiciary. It contains the supreme court for the nation and high courts in the states.
Get CBSE class 9 democratic politics NCERT solutions for chapter 5 – working of institutions below. These solutions consist of answers to all the critical questions in NCERT book chapter 5.
NCERT Class 9 Solutions Civics Chapter 5
Democratic Politics Working Of Institution
- If you are elected as the President of India, which of the following decision can you take on your own?
- Select the person you like as Prime Minister.
- Dismiss is a Prime Minister who has a majority in Lok Sabha.
- Ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both the Houses.
- Nominate the leaders of your choice to the Council of Ministers.
Answer: c. Ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both the Houses.
- Who among the following is a part of the political executive?
- District Collector
- Secretary of the Ministry of Home Affairs
- Home Minister
- Director-General of Police
Answer: c. Home Minister
- Which of the following statements about the judiciary is false?
- Every law passed by the Parliament needs the approval of the Supreme Court
- Judiciary can strike down a law if it goes against the spirit of the Constitution
- Judiciary is independent of the Executive
- Any citizen can approach the courts if her rights are violated
Answer: a. Every law passed by the Parliament needs the approval of the Supreme Court
- Which of the following institutions can make changes to an existing law of the country?
- The Supreme Court
- The President
- The Prime Minister
- The Parliament
Answer: d. Parliament
5. Match the ministry with the news that the ministry may have released:
|A new policy is being made to increase the jute exports from the country||Ministry of Defence|
|Telephone services will be made more accessible to rural areas||Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Public Distribution|
|The price of rice and wheat sold under the Public Distribution System will go down||Ministry of Health|
|A pulse polio campaign will be launched||Ministry of Commerce and Industry|
|The allowances of the soldiers posted on high altitudes will be increased||Ministry of Communications and Information Technology|
|A new policy is being made to increase the jute exports from the country||Ministry of Commerce and Industry|
|Telephone services will be made more accessible to rural areas||Ministry of Communications and Information Technology|
|The price of rice and wheat sold under the Public Distribution System will go down||Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Public Distribution|
|A pulse polio campaign will be launched||Ministry of Health|
|The allowances of the soldiers posted on high altitudes will be increased||Ministry of Defence|
- Of all the institutions that we have studied in this chapter, name the one that exercises the powers on each of the following matters.
- Decision on allocation of money for developing infrastructure like roads, irrigation etc. and different welfare activities for the citizens
- Considers the recommendation of the Committee on a law to regulate the stock exchange
- Decides on a legal dispute between two state governments
- Implements the decision to provide relief for the victims of an earthquake
- Lok Sabha (Ministry of Finance)
- Supreme Court
7. Why is the Prime Minister in India not directly elected by the people? Choose the most appropriate answer and give reasons for your choice.
- In a Parliamentary democracy, only the majority party leader in the Lok Sabha can become the Prime Minister.
- Lok Sabha can remove the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers even before the expiry of their term.
- Since the President appoints the Prime Minister, there is no need for it.
- Direct election of the Prime Minister will involve a lot of expenditure on the election.
Answer: 1. In a Parliamentary democracy, only the majority party leader in the Lok Sabha can become the Prime Minister. This provision is made so that a party leader has a majority before he becomes the PM.
- Three friends watched a film that showed the hero becoming Chief Minister for a day and making significant changes in the state. Imran said this is what the country needs. Rizwan said this kind of personal rule without institutions is dangerous. Shankar said all this is a fantasy. No minister can do anything in one day. What would be your reaction to such a film?
Answer: There is no such provision where a man can become a CM for a day. A formal institution is needed for any state to run. Similarly, as a CM, he needs his council to make decisions and administer. One day is not enough to pass laws, as all laws are implemented following a particular procedure.
- A teacher was making preparations for a mock parliament. She called two students to act as leaders of two political parties. She gave them an option: Each one could choose to have a majority either in the mock Lok Sabha or mock Rajya Sabha. If this choice was given to you, which one would you choose and why?
Answer: A student should choose on their own. A suggestion would be to write for both. However, the majority in Lok Sabha is more powerful, as the people directly elect members of Lok Sabha. Hence, having a majority in the Lok Sabha means that the Prime Minister will be from your party, which is a powerful position.
- After reading the example of the reservation order, three students had different reactions about the judiciary’s role. Which view, according to you, is a correct reading of the part of the judiciary?
- Srinivas argues that since the Supreme Court agreed with the government, it is not independent.
- Anjaiah says that the judiciary is independent because it could have given a verdict against the government order. The Supreme Court did direct the government to modify it.
- Vijaya thinks that the judiciary is neither independent nor conformist but acts as a mediator between opposing parties. The court struck a good balance between those who supported and those who opposed the order.
Answer: b. Anjaiah says that the judiciary is independent is because it could have given a verdict against the government order. The Supreme Court did direct the government to modify it.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
- What are institutions?
Answer: The institutions are the arrangements that are made in modern democracies to run the government.
- Mention the three institutions that play a crucial role in major decisions of the country?
Answer: Legislature, Executive and Judiciary
- What is an office memorandum?
Answer: It explains the policy or the decision of the government issued by an appropriate authority.
- What is the full form of SEBC?
Answer: SEBC stands for Socially anf=d Educationally Backward Classes.
- What is a Parliament?
Answer: Parliament is the supreme law-making body of India.
- Name the two houses of the Parlament?
Answer: a) Lok Sabha, b) Rajya Sabha.
- Who are called civil servants?
Answer: Persons working in civil services are called civil servants.
- Who is the supreme commander of the defence forces in India?
Answer: The President is the supreme commander of the defence forces in India.