Looping constructs basically mean controlling the program flow. A program always executes sequentially that is line by line. This type of execution is called a sequential execution.
Conditional constructs provide facility to execute a part of the program based on the condition given. Example, if else, switch case, etc.
Here, if a certain condition
Satisfies the condition, the statement mentioned inside the
block gets executed otherwise,
the statement mentioned inside
else block gets executed.
Learn more about the conditional constructs such as if, if else, switch case along with its applications from the solutions given here – NCERT Solutions Class 11 Computer Science Conditional and Looping Constructs.