Class 11 NCERT Solutions Political Theory Chapter 8

NCERT Class 11 Solutions Political Theory Chapter 8 PDF

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NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Political Theory Chapter 8 Secularism is provided here according to the latest NCERT (CBSE) guidelines. With these solutions, students will be able to understand each topic clearly and at the same time prepare well for the exams. Students can easily access the solutions which include important chapter questions and detailed explanations provided by our experts. Students can further clear all their doubts and also get better marks in the exam. To give you a brief idea of the chapter, it basically deals with topics like;

  • Indian secularism focuses on more than the religion-state separation. Explain.
  • Explain the concept of principled distance.
  • What do you understand by secularism? Can it be equated with religious tolerance?

Get CBSE Class 11 Political Science NCERT solutions for chapter 8 Secularism below. These solutions consist of answers to all the important questions in NCERT book chapter 8.

NCERT Solutions for Class 11

Political Science Theory Chapter 8

Secularism

Exercise: Solutions of Questions on Page Number 127

Q1: Which of the following do you feel are compatible with the idea of secularism? Give reasons.

(a) Absence of domination of one religious group by another.

(b) Recognition of a state religion.

(c) Equal state support to all religions.

(d) Mandatory prayers in schools.

(e) Allowing separate educational institutions for any minority community.

(f) Appointment of temple management bodies by the government.

(g) Intervention of state to ensure entry of Dalits in temples.

Answer:

Any answer supported with argument or explanation would solve the purpose. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, a sample solution has been provided for your reference:

(a) Absence of domination of we religious group over another is compatible with the idea of secularism as it allows freedom to all religious groups.

(c) Equal state support to all religions is compatible with the idea of secularism as it provides a chance for every religion to preserve it’s traditions and flourish.

(e) Allowing separate educational institutions for any minority is compatible with the idea of secularism as this will provide the right to the minority to maintain it’s cultural identity and a chance to develop.

(g) Intervention of state to ensure entry of Dalits in temples is compatible with the idea of secularism as it prevents discrimination and provides equal rights to every social group.

Q2: Some of the key characteristics of western and Indian model of secularism have got mixed up. Separate them and make a new table.

Western Secularism Indian Secularism
Strict non-interference of religion and state in each other’s affairs State-supported religious reforms allowed
Equality between different religious groups is a key concern Equality between different sects of religion is emphasised
Attention to minority rights Less attention to community-based rights
Individual and his rights at the centre Rights of both individual and religious community protected.

Answer:

Western Secularism Indian Secularism
Strict non-interference of religion and state in each other’s affairs State-supported religious reforms allowed
Less attention to community-based rights Attention to minority rights
Equality between different sects of religion is emphasised Equality between different religious groups is a key concern
Individual and his rights at the centre Rights of both individual and religious community protected.

Q3: What do you understand by secularism? Can it be equated with religious tolerance?

Answer:

• Secularism is a doctrine that opposes any form of religious and infra-religious domination. It does not oppose religion itself.

• Secularism cannot be equated with religious tolerance as tolerance may be compatible with religious domination by one group.

• However, religious tolerance is one of the components of secularism.

Q4: Do you agree with the following statements? Give reasons for supporting or opposing any of them.

(a) Secularism does not allow on to have a religious identity.

(b) Secularism is against inequality within a religious group or between different religious groups. (c) Secularism has a western-Christian origin. It is not suitable for India.

Answer: 
Any answer supported with argument or explanation would solve the purpose. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, a sample solution has been provided for your reference:

(a) Secularism allows us to have a religious identity. In India, a citizen can have a religious identity, on that he/she can represent his/her religious institution whenever required in order to preserve and develop it.

(b) Secularism is against inequality both within a religious group and between different religious groups. The Indian government tries to maintain equality within religious groups to prevent discrimination and eradicate practices that are derogatory to human dignity.

(c) Secularism may have a western-Christian origin but it is suitable for India. This is due to the fact that India is a multi-cultural and religious society. Thus, it is necessary to ensure equal treatment to all groups both within and between different religions to maintain harmony and integrate the country.

Q5 Indian secularism focuses on more than the religion-state separation. Explain.

Answer:

• Indian secularism does not focus on the religion-state separation alone; it is also concerned with maintaining harmony between different religions and reforming religious practices to protect the social and civil rights of its citizens.

• Indian secularism allows every religion to flourish and develop.

• The Indian state allows the promotion of all religions and treats each of them equally.

• Therefore state does not interfere in religious matters but it checks the influence of religion in public life.

Q6. Explain the concept of principled distance.

Answer:

• According to the concept of principled distance, a secular state may keep a principled distance from religion to promote peace between communities and it may also intervene to protect the rights of specific communities.

• The state gives equal preference to every religion and respects them all equally. However, the state may interfere if religious groups try to exercise their power on the political and social life of the people.

This balanced distance of state from religious groups is called principled distance.

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