Class 11 NCERT Solutions Themes In World History Chapter 2

NCERT Class 11 History Solutions Chapter 2 PDF

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Here students can access free NCERT solutions for class 11 history themes in world chapter 2 – writing and city life. The solutions provided here consist of important chapter questions and answers that will help students understand what to study for the exams as well as determine important topics. The NCERT solutions also come with detailed explanations that have been prepared by experts to further help students grasp the concepts clearly and tackle questions easily. These solutions will also help students have an effective revision and study effectively for the exams

Some of the important topics covered in this chapter include;

  • Understanding the life and culture of Mesopotamia.
  • The significance of Urbanism.
  • The development, system, and uses of writing.
  • The civilizations of different places.

The class 11 history NCERT solutions for chapter 2 – writing and city life can be found below. Chapter 2 history class 11 questions and answers and solutions are based on the latest syllabus and consist of answers to all the questions given at the end of the chapter.

Why do we say that it was not natural fertility and high levels of food production that were tine causes of early urbanisation?

Answer:
It was not natural fertility and high levels of food production that were the causes of early urbanisation. because cities and towns were also placed for other major economic activities. Though food production gives an advantage for people to cluster in towns, urban economies also comprise trade. manufactures and services. people living in cities are riot self-sufficient in the food production alone: they depend on the products arid services of other villages and cities. There is a continuous interaction among these urban economic activities.

Which of the following were necessary conditions and which the causes. of early urbanisation. and which would you say were the outcome of the growth of cities:

(a) highly productive agricultured (b) water transport, (c) the lack of metal and stone, (d) the division of labour (e) the use of seals, (f) the military power of kings that made labour compulsory?

ANSWER:

Following categories are the necessary conditions for urbanisation:

(1) highly productive agriculture

ii) water transport

iii) the division of labour

Causes of early urbanisation:

i) lack of metal and stones

ii) the use of seals

iii) the military power of kings that made labour compulsory

The outcome of the growth of cities;

i) an enhanced transport system

ii) growth of trade and economic activities and other institutions. administrations and organisations related to It

iii) growth of writing and schools

Why were mobile animal herders not necessarily a threat to town life?

Answer:
Mobile animal herders were not necessarily a threat to town life. because with the people living in towns, they needed to exchange young animals. cheese. leather and meat in return for grain and metal tools. However. they had conflicts with the people living in agricultural villages. The herders raided the villages and seized their stored goods.

Why were mobile animal herders not necessarily a threat to town life?

Answer:
Mobile animal herders were not necessarily a threat to town life. because with the people living in towns. they needed to exchange young animals, cheese. leather and meat in return for grain and metal tools. However, they had conflicts with the people living in agricultural villages. The herders raided the villages and seized their stored goods.

Why would the early temple have been much like a house?

Answer:

(I) From 5000 BCE. early settlers in Mesopotamia began to build temples in their villages.

(II) The earliest known temple was a small shrine made of unbaked bricks.

(iii)They believed that the temples were the houses or residences of various gods: of the Moon God of Ur. or of Inanna the Goddess of Love and War.

(iv)Their temples were larger and had several rooms around open courtyards.

ANSWER IN A SHORT ESSAY

Of the new institutions that came into being. once city life had begun. which would have depended on the initiative of the king?

Answer:
The new institutions that came into being with the beginning of city life Included temple architecture, trade. warfare. sculpture. and writing and schools. All these institutions would have depended on the initiative of the king. For example, none of the Mesopotamian achievements would have been possible without writing and the urban institution of schools, where students read and copied earlier written tablets They were trained to become not record keepers for the administration, but intellectuals who could build on the work of their predecessors. Running schools required enormous resources to support the people associated with the institution. This would not have been possible without the support of the kingship.

What do ancient stories tell us about the civilisation of Mesopotamia?

Answer:
Ancient stories reveal the nature of Mesopotamian society. institutions, trade activities agriculture. and kingship’s initiative to encourage writing and schools. and economic related conflicts among the rulers and communities. For example. a flood story in the Bible describes Mesopotamia as a land of brick-built cities. According to the Bible, the flood was meant to destroy all life on earth. However. God chose a man. Noah. to ensure that life could continue after the Flood. Noah built a huge boat. an ark. He took a pair of each of all known species of animals and birds on board the ark. which survived the Flood. There was a strikingly similar story in the Mesopotamian tradition. where the principal character was called Ziusudra or Utnapishtim

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