Class 9 NCERT Solutions English Beehive My Childhood

NCERT Class 9 English Solutions My Childhood PDF

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Subject

English 

Class

9

Book

English Beehive

Chapter

My Childhood

My Childhood summary

My childhood is an extract from “Wings of Fire”, the Autobiography of Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. This chapter revolves around Abdul Kalam who was born in a middle-class Muslim family in Rameshwaram. He had three brothers and one sister. His father was a generous man and his mother was a very hospitable lady. They lived in their ancestral house, his father lived a simple life but provided all the facilities to children. Many outsiders ate with them every day. Kalam inherited the qualities of honesty and self-discipline from his parents.  

The second world war broke out in 1939, Kalam was 8 years old and he collected tamarind seeds and sold them in the market, his cousin distributed newspapers and employed him as a helping hand. This way he earned his first wages. Kalam’s family respected all religions and they took part in Hindu festivals. They told stories from Ramayana during bedtime. Kalam had three friends from different religious backgrounds, Ramanandha Sastry, Aravindam and Sivaprakasan.

When Abdul was in 5th standard he used to sit in the front row with Ramanandha Sastry, the teacher could not tolerate this and asked them to sit separately. Both the friends felt very sad and they told their parents about the incident. Ramanandha’s father called the teacher and told him not to spread the poison of communal hatred and social inequality in the minds of innocent children. He asked the teacher to apologize or leave the school or city. The teacher apologized and reformed himself. Once Kalam’s science teacher invited him for dinner at his home. His wife refused to serve dinner to Kalam in her kitchen as she believes in religious segregation. But the teacher himself served and had dinner with Kalam. His wife noticed nothing changed in Kalam’s behaviour, and the next time she invited him she herself served food for Kalam. When the second world war had ended Kalam asked his father permission to go to Ramanathapuram to study, his father agreed and told his wife that they should give their children their love but not force their thoughts on them.     

Important points from the chapter My Childhood

  • This chapter talks about the annual event that is held in Rameshwaram which is called the Shri Sita Rama Kalyanam Ceremony.
  • In this ceremony, boats are arranged to carry the idols to a special platform to commemorate the wedding ceremony.
  • The author notices that there is segregation between the people as the teacher’s wife was opposed to eating with different types of people.
  • The teacher’s wife was shocked to have a Muslim boy being in her kitchen and refused to serve him food.
  • The Muslim being referred to here is APJ Abdul Kalam who eventually becomes our future prime minister.

NCERT Solutions of Class 9 explains each answer in step-by-step explanations. So, after you complete reading the entire chapter take the help of the solutions to cross-check your answers. These solutions are accurately solved by subject professionals after a thorough analysis of the textbook. It provides accurate information and students can access a free pdf of the solutions. Solve the exercise questions without fail and fetch higher marks in your exam.

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NCERT Solutions English Beehive

My Childhood

Thinking about the Text

  1. Answer these questions in one or two sentences each.
  1. Where was Abdul Kalam’s house?
  2. What do you think Dinamani is the name of? Give a reason for your answer.
  3. Who were Abdul Kalam’s school friends? What did they later become?
  4. How did Abdul Kalam earn his first wages?
  5. Had he earned any money before that? In what way?

Answer

  1. Abdul Kalam’s house was on Mosque Street in Rameswaram.
  2. Dinamani is the name of a local newspaper. It is so because Kalam traced the stories of the war in the head of Dinamani.
  3. Ramananda Sastry, Aravindan and Shivaprakasan were Abdul Kalam’s school friends. Ramananda Shastry became the high priest of the Rameshwaram temple, Aravindan a transport businessman and Shivprakasan was the catering contractor for the southern railways.
  4. During the Second World War, the newspapers were bundled and thrown out of a moving train. Abdul Kalam earned his first wages by helping his cousin, who distributed newspapers in Rameswaram, to catch these bundles.
  5. Yes, Abdul Kalam had earned some money before he started helping his cousin. When the Second World War broke out, there was a sudden demand for tamarind seeds in the market. He collected the seeds and sold them at a provision shop on Mosque Street. Usually, a day’s collection earned him one anna.
  1. Answer each of these questions in a short paragraph (about 30 words)
  2. How does the author describe: (i) his father (ii) his mother (iii) himself?

Answer: i) The author describes his father as honest and self-disciplined. His father used to avoid inessential comforts and luxuries. The author says that his father never had formal education or much wealth but he possessed great wisdom and was very generous.

  1. ii) The author describes his mother as being an ideal helpmate to his father. She used to feed a lot of outsiders along with her family members.

iii) The author describes himself as a short boy with undistinguished looks born too tall and handsome parents.

  1. What characteristics does he say he inherited from his parents?

Answer: He says that he inherited honesty and self-discipline from his father and faith in goodness and deep kindness from his mother.

Ill. Discuss these questions in class with your teacher and then write down your answers in two or three paragraphs each.

1: “On the whole, the small society of Rameswaram was very rigid in terms of the segregation of different social groups,” says the author.

(i) Which social groups does he mention? Were these groups easily identifiable (for example, by the way, they dressed)?

(ii) Were they aware only of their differences or did they also naturally share friendships and experiences? (Think of the bedtime stories in Kalam’s house; of who his friends were; and of what used to take place in the pond near his house.)

(iii) The author speaks both of people who were very aware of the differences among them and those who tried to bridge these differences. Can you identify such people in the text?

(iv) Narrate two incidents that show how differences can be created, and also how they can be resolved. How can people change their attitudes?

Answer: 

(i) The social groups that he mentions are Hindus and Muslims. Yes, these groups were easily identifiable by their dressing, tradition, culture, etc. For instance, Kalam used to wear a cap on his head which identified him as a Muslim. Ramananda Sastry wore a sacred thread.

(ii) They were not aware only of their differences. They also naturally share friendships and experiences. Kalam’s mother and grandmother would tell events from the Ramayana and from the life of the Prophet as bedtime stories. All his friends belonged to orthodox Hindu families. During the annual Sita Rama Kalyanam ceremony, his family would arrange boats with a special platform for carrying idols of the Lord from the temple to the marriage site situated in the middle of the pond called Rama Tirtha which was near his house.

(iii) The author speaks both of people who were very aware of the differences among them and those who tried to bridge these differences. Yes, we can identify such people in the text.

The new school teacher and Sivasubramania Iyer’s wife were very aware of the differences among the social groups but Sivasubramania Iyer and Lakshamana Sastry tried to bridge these differences.

(iv) Two incidents that show how differences can be created, and also how they can be resolved are:

When Lakshamana Sastry got to know about the way the new school teacher had made Kalam sit on the backbench because he was a Muslim, he asked the teacher to apologize or quit the school. The new teacher not only regretted his behaviour but also was reformed by Lakshamana Sastry’s strong sense of conviction.

Kalam’s science teacher, Sivasubramania Iyer, invited Kalam to his home for a meal. His wife was horrified at the idea of a Muslim boy being invited to her pure kitchen. Sivasubramania Iyer served Kalam food with his own hands and sat down beside him to eat his meal.

The next time he invited Kalam to his home, Sivasubramania Iyer’s wife served him food with her own hands inside the kitchen.

2: (i) Why did Abdul Kalam want to leave Rameswaram?

(ii) What did his father say to this?

(iii) What do you think his words mean? Why do you think he spoke those words?

Answer: (i) Abdul Kalam wanted to leave Rameswaram because he wanted to study at the district headquarters in Ramanathapuram.

(ii) His father said, “Abdul! I know you have to go away to grow. Does the seagull not fly across the sun, alone and without a nest?”

(iii) His words meant he understood that Kalam had to leave his house and get a good higher education to grow. He spoke these words because he knew the harsh reality of life that the children need to move away from their home and parents to make a career and earn.

Thinking about Language

  1. Find the sentences in the text where these words occur:

Erupt, surge, trace, undistinguished, casualty

Look these words up in a dictionary that gives examples of how they are used.

Now answer the following questions.

Answer: Sentences in the text where these words occur are:

Erupt: “For reasons I have never been able to understand, a sudden demand for tamarind seeds erupted in the market.”

Surge: “Half a century later, I can still feel the surge of pride in earning my own money for the first time.”

Trace: “My brother-in-law Jallaluddin would tell me stories about the War which I would later attempt to trace in the headlines in Dinamani.”

Undistinguished: “I was one of many children — a short boy with rather undistinguished looks, born to tall and handsome parents.”

Casualty: “The first casualty came in the form of the suspension of the train halt at Rameswaram station.”

1: What are the things that can erupt? Use examples to explain the various meanings of erupting. Now do the same for the word surge. What things can surge?

Answer: Things that can erupt are: volcanoes, emotions, anger.

– A volcano erupted in the Mauna Kea last night.

– Ranjan’s anger erupted as a result of Ashima’s continuous nagging.

Things that can surge are prices, waves, crowds, storms, etc.

2: What are the meanings of the word trace and which of the meanings is closest to the word in the text?

Answer: The meanings of the word ‘trace’ are:

– to draw an outline

– to copy

– to find out

The meaning that is closest to the word in the text is ‘finding out.

3: Can you find the word undistinguished in your dictionary? (If not, look up the word distinguished and say what undistinguished must mean.)

Answer: No, I cannot find the word undistinguished in my dictionary.

The meaning of the word distinguished as given in the dictionary is specific, distinct.

Thus, undistinguished must mean ‘not specific’, ‘not distinct’.

Page No: 76.

  1. Match the phrases in Column A with their meanings in Column B.
  A   B
(i) broke out (a) an attitude of kindness, a readiness to give freely
(ii) in accordance with (b) was not able to tolerate
(iii) a helping hand (c) began suddenly in a violent way
(iv) could not stomach (d) assistance
(v) generosity of spirit (e) persons with power to make decisions
(vi) figures of authority (f) according to a particular rule, principle, or system

Answer

  A   B
(i) broke out (c) began suddenly in a violent way
(ii) in accordance with (f) according to a particular rule, principle or system
(iii) a helping hand (d) assistance
(iv) could not stomach (b) was unable to tolerate
(v) generosity of spirit (a) an attitude of kindness, a readiness to give freely
(vi) figures of authority (e) persons with power to make decision

2: Study the words in italics in the sentences below. They are formed by prefixing un – or in – to their antonyms (words opposite in meaning).

  • I was a short boy with rather undistinguished looks. (un + distinguished)
  • My austere father used to avoid all inessential comforts.(in + essential)
  • The area was completely unaffected by the war. (un + affected)
  • He should not spread the poison of social inequality and communal intolerance. (in + equality, in + tolerance)

Now form the opposites of the words below by prefixing un- or in-. The prefix in-can also have the forms il-,ir -, or im- (for example: illiterate–il + literate, impractical – im + practical, irrational – ir + rational). You may consult a dictionary if you wish.

Answer:

__adequate __acceptable __regular __tolerant
__demanding __active __true __permanent
__patriotic __disputed __accessible __coherent
__logical __legal __responsible __possible

Answer:

inadequate unacceptable irregular intolerant
undemanding inactive untrue impermanent
unpatriotic undisputed inaccessible incoherent
illogical illegal irresponsible impossible

Page No: 77

III. Passive Voice

Study these sentences:

  • My parents were regarded as an ideal couple.
  • I was asked to go and sit on the backbench.
  • Such problems have to be confronted.

The italicised verbs in these sentences are made up of a form of the verb be and a past participle. (For example: were + regarded, was + asked, be + confronted)

These sentences focus on what happens, rather than who does what. Notice that the doer of the action is not included in the sentences.

If necessary, we can mention the doer of the action in a by-phrase. For example:

  • The tree was struck by lightning.
  • The flag was unfurled by the Chief Guest.
  1. Rewrite the sentences below, changing the verbs in brackets into the passive form.
  2. In yesterday’s competition the prizes (give away) by the Principal.
  3. In spite of financial difficulties, the labourers (pay) on time.
  4. On Republic Day, vehicles (not allow) beyond this point.
  5. Second-hand books (buy and sell) on the pavement every Saturday.
  6. Elections to the Lok Sabha (hold) every five years.
  7. Our National Anthem (compose) Rabindranath Tagore.
  8. Rewrite the paragraphs below, using the correct form of the verb given in brackets.
  9. How Helmets Came To Be Used in Cricket

Nari Contractor was the Captain and an opening batsman for India in the 1960s. The Indian cricket team went on a tour to the West Indies in 1962. In a match against Barbados in Bridgetown, Nari Contractor (seriously injure and collapse). In those days helmets (not wear). Contractor (hit) on the head by a bouncer from Charlie Griffith. Contractor’s skull (fracture). The entire team (deeply concern). The West Indies players (worry). Contractor (rush) to hospital. He (accompany) by Frank Worrell, the Captain of the West Indies Team. Blood (donate) by the West Indies players. Thanks to the timely help, Contractor (save). Nowadays helmets (routinely use) against bowlers.

Answer:

How Helmets Came To Be Used in Cricket

Nari Contractor was the Captain and an opening batsman for India in the 1960s. The Indian cricket team went on a tour to the West Indies in 1962. In a match against Barbados in Bridgetown, Nari Contractor was seriously injured and collapsed. In those days helmets were not worn. The contractor was hit on the head by a bouncer from Charlie Griffith. The contractor’s skull was fractured. The entire team was deeply concerned. The West Indies players were worried. The contractor was rushed to the hospital. He was accompanied by Frank Worrell, the Captain of the West Indies Team. Blood was donated by the West Indies players. Thanks to the timely help, the Contractor was saved. Nowadays helmets are routinely used against bowlers.

  1. Oil from Seeds

Vegetable oils (make) from seeds and fruits of many plants growing all over the world, from tiny sesame seeds to big, juicy coconuts. Oil (produce) from cotton seeds, groundnuts, soybeans and sunflower seeds. Olive oil (use) for cooking, salad dressing etc. Olives (shake) from the trees and (gather) up, usually by hand. The olives (ground) to a thick paste which is spread onto special mats. Then the mats (layer) upon the pressing machine which will gently squeeze them to produce olive oil.

Answer:

Oil from Seeds

Vegetable oils are made from seeds and fruits of many plants growing all over the world, from tiny sesame seeds to big, juicy coconuts. Oil is produced from cotton seeds, groundnuts, soybeans and sunflower seeds. Olive oil is used for cooking, salad dressing etc. Olives are shaken from the trees and gathered up, usually by hand. The olives are ground to a thick paste which is spread onto special mats. Then the mats are layered upon the pressing machine which will gently squeeze them to produce olive oil.

Advantages of Solving NCERT Solutions English Beehive My Childhood

  • Students can upgrade their writing skills by referring to this solution.
  • All the important questions’ answers are given, which gives the idea of writing answers to the students.
  • All the answers are based on the latest NCERT guidelines. So they can practise writing answers to different questions.
  • It helps you prepare for your upcoming board exam.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Can the NCERT Solutions help Class 9 students to fetch good marks in their exams?

Answer: Yes, Class 9 NCERT Solutions English Beehive My Childhood will help you fetch more marks in the final exam. The answers are prepared and reviewed by the subject-matter experts who possess vast experience in the respective subject. NCERT Solutions are detailed yet easy to comprehend, making it interesting for the students to refresh the concepts after learning them.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Can NCERT Solutions help Class 9 students to fetch good marks in their exams?

Answer: Yes, Class 9 NCERT Solutions English Beehive My Childhood will help you fetch more marks in the final exam. The answers are prepared and reviewed by the subject-matter experts who possess vast experience in the respective subject. NCERT Solutions are detailed yet easy to comprehend making it interesting for the students to refresh the concepts after learning them.

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